Bone Health

Bone Health

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NDR-UK Ref No: 1001
Publication Format: A5 leaflet
Classification: PiL  
Pack size: 10
Publication date: 02/14
Last Review: 2017
Next Review: 2020

Simple dietary information to help improve bone health for people with or at risk of osteoporosis, osteopenia and/or weak bones.

Classification: PiL (Patient Information Leaflet)

Enforcement of healthy eating messages for self-management - advice is easily understood requiring no additional explanation.

To enable clients and their carers understand that dietary measures can improve the intake of calcium to improve bone health, so that they can apply the dietary advice.

Target Group will know how to manipulate their diet to ensure adequate intake of calcium and associated nutrients within the context of a healthy diet.

  • COMA report Nutrition and bone health with particular reference to calcium and vitamin D, Department of Health London: stationery office, (1998).
  • Committee on the Medical Aspects of Food Policy. Dietary Reference Values for Food and Energy and Nutrients for the United Kingdom. 41: London: HMSO; (1991).
  • Dolan S.Kanter J. Grinspoon S. Longitudinal analysis of bone density in human immunodeficiency virus-infected women. Journal Of Clinical Endocrinology And Metabolism (2006) Aug 91;8: 2938-45.
  • Drain P.  Kupka R. Mugusi F. Fawzi W. Micronutrients in HIV-positive persons receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition (2007) Feb; 85(2): 333-45
  • Heaney R. Calcium, dairy products and osteoporosis, Journal American college nutrition (2000)19: 83S-99S
  • Higdon J. Coffee and health: a review of recent human research, Critical reviews food science nutrition  (2006) 42;2:101-123
  • Holm K. Dan A. Wilbur J et al, A longitudinal study of bone density in midlife women, Health Care for Women International, (2002)23:678–691
  • Jones S Restrepo D. Kasowitz A. et al. Risk factors for decreased bone density and effects of HIV on bone in the elderly. Osteoporosis International (2008) Jul; Vol. 19 (7), pp. 913-8
  • Kass-Wolff J.H. Calcium in Women: Healthy Bones and Much More, Journal obstetric, gynaecologic and  neonatal nursing (2004) 33;1:21-33
  • Massey L. K. Is caffeine a risk factor for bone loss in the elderly? American J. Clinical Nutrition (2001) 74:569-570
  • Mayo Clinic Health Letter (English Ed.) [Mayo Clin Health Lett] 2012 Jun; Vol. 30 (6), pp. 7
  • McCabe L. Martin B. McCabe G. et al. Dairy intakes affect bone density in the elderly. American Journal Clinical Nutrition (2004) 80;4:1066- 1074
  • Prentice A. Diet, nutrition and the prevention of osteoporosis. Public Health Nutrition (2004) 7;2:227-243
  • Prior J. Burdge D. Maan E. Milner R. Hankins C. Klein M. Walmsley S. Fragility fractures and bone mineral density in HIV positive women: a case-control population-based study. Osteoporosis International 2007 Oct; Vol. 18 (10), pp. 1345-53
  • Public Health England (2016). The Eat Well Guide. Available:
  • Daly, R.M. Ebeling, P.R., English, D.R., Giles, G.G., Hodge, A.M., Khan, B. & Nowson, C.A. . (2015). Higher Calcium Intakes are Associated with Reduced risk of Fractures, Cardiovascular Events and Mortality: A Prospective Cohort Study of Older Men and Women . Journal of Bone & Mineral Research. 20 (10 ), 1758-1766.
  • Byberg, L., Gedeborg, R., Mallmin, H., Melhus, H., Michaelsson, K., Warensjo, E. & Wilk, A. . (2011). Dietary calcium Intake and risk of osteoporosis: prospective longitudinal cohort study . BMJ. 342 (1), 1473.
  • Alexander, D.D., Boushey, C.J., Dawson-Hughes, B., Lappe, J.M., LeBoff, M.S. Liu, S., Looker, A.C., Wallace, T.C., Wang, D.D., & Weaver, C.M.. (2016). Calcium plus vitamin D supplementation and risk of fractures: an updated meta-analysis from the national Osteoporosis Foundation . Osteoporosis International. 27 (1), 367-376.
  • National Osteoporosis Society . (2015). Osteoporosis. Available:
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